hypnotic adj : attracting and holding interest as if by a spell; "read the bedtime story in a hypnotic voice"; "she had a warm mesmeric charm"; "the sheer force of his presence was mesmerizing"; "a spellbinding description of life in ancient Rome" [syn: mesmeric, mesmerizing, spellbinding] n : a drug that induces sleep [syn: soporific]
EtymologyFrom hypnotique "inclined to sleep, soporific" < hypnoticus < (hupnōtikos) "inclined to sleep, putting to sleep, sleepy" < (hupnō) "I put to sleep" < (hupnos) "sleep".
of or relating to hynosis or hynotism
inducing sleep; soporific
- Finnish: hypnoottinen
- Greek: υπνωτικός (ipnotikós)
one who is, or can be, hypnotized
a soporific substance
- For the state of mind see Hypnosis.
Hypnotic drugs induce sleep (which differentiates them from the sedative category), used in the treatment of insomnia and in surgical anesthesia. Often the treatment of insomnia will not begin with drugs at all. Since many hypnotic drugs are habit-forming, a physician will usually recommend alternative sleeping patterns, sleep hygiene, and exercise before prescribing medication for sleep, due to a large number of factors known to disturb the human sleep pattern.
These drugs include:
- gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (Xyrem)
- Chloral hydrate
- Melatonin, a hormone, can work as a hypnotic if taken 30-90 minutes before usual bedtime.
- Alcohol is also used as a hypnotic drug, though not medically. To quote the British National Formulary: "Alcohol is a poor hypnotic because its diuretic action interferes with sleep during the latter part of the night. Alcohol also disturbs sleep patterns, and so can worsen sleep disorders"
hypnotic in Arabic: منوم
hypnotic in Czech: Hypnotikum
hypnotic in German: Schlafmittel
hypnotic in Spanish: Hipnótico
hypnotic in French: Hypnotique
hypnotic in Dutch: Slaapmiddel
hypnotic in Japanese: 睡眠導入剤
hypnotic in Norwegian: Hypnotika
hypnotic in Portuguese: Hipnótico
hypnotic in Russian: Снотворные средства
hypnotic in Slovak: Hypnotikum
hypnotic in Serbian: Хипнотици
hypnotic in Swedish: Hypnotika
hypnotic in Turkish: Hipnotik
hypnotic in Chinese: 安眠药
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